“I always feel like I’m on the verge of an X-Files rewatch,” Sage said towards the end of our journey through Daredevil and Punisher when we were musing about what to watch next for our weekly TV and wine dates.
“I could do an X-Files rewatch,” I agreed.
And that, dear readers, is the only push we needed to embark on a nine season, one movie, and a handful of revival episodes pilgrimage through the definitive science-fiction show of the Nineties. (No, we do not acknowledge I Want to Believe or any of the Struggles or mythology episodes because we love ourselves.)
The ending of the revival had really soured me on The X-Files but it took all of two minutes of the Pilot for me to remember how this show birthed me. It’s the reason I am the fangirl that I am today and I am so happy to be embarking on this rewatch with Sage. Because we’re us, we couldn’t resist doing the end of season surveys that we employed during our 2020 and 2021 rewatches. Read on for our season one thoughts and join us on Friday nights with the hashtag #TrustNoOne on Twitter. – Kim
- Favorite Mythology Episode?
Sage: “E.B.E.” isn’t an episode I think of all that often, but maybe that needs to change, because Kim and I were losing our minds when we got to it on this rewatch. Another smash hit brought to you by the TV writing firm of Morgan and Wong, “E.B.E.” cracks the mythology arc wide open, laying the framework for so many future revelations. It would be notable enough if it were only the introduction of the Lone Gunmen (“That’s why we like you, Mulder. Your ideas are weirder than ours.”), but it also establishes that the powerful men keeping tabs on Mulder’s investigations, including our old pal Deep Throat, have had direct contact with aliens — in his case, even exterminating one himself. I’d also mark it as the radicalization of Scully, who, while she was always wise enough never to give up the farm to her sketchy superiors, gets the message loud and clear that the government are not our friends and that she and Mulder need to be watching their backs at all times. The fact that this all goes down in a plot that revolves around something as pedestrian as a missing truck is part and parcel of the magic of this show — the conspiracy is being carried out in plain sight, and that’s what makes it so insidious.
Kim: “God, I forgot how much this episode fucking slaps!”
I kept saying that over and over throughout our watch of “E.B.E.” Honestly, this episode deserves a lot more credit than it gets. It may not be as flashy as “The Erlenmeyer Flask” but for me, “E.B.E.” is the episode where the mythology clicks into place, the episode where all the groundwork is laid for the more explosive episodes to come. This episode feels like The X-Files firing on all creative cylinders. It really ratchets up the sense of paranoia when Mulder and Scully discover they are being bugged and it strengthens their bond as they realize they are the only two people they can trust. It fills out the character of Deep Throat and explores his motivations in both that magnificent scene at the aquarium (“When a shark stops swimming, it will die. Don’t stop swimming.”) and the final scene at the power plant where he literally exits shrouded in fog. And of course, “E.B.E.” introduces our beloved Lone Gunmen. Really, all it needed was Walter Skinner and it would have been like THE GANG’S ALL HERE.
- Favorite Standalone Episode?
Kim: Traditionally, networks initially order thirteen episodes of a new show, subsequently ordering a “back nine” (or in Season One’s case, a back eleven) once they see whether or not the show connects. I don’t know exactly when The X-Files was picked up for a full season, and no amount of plundering the depths of the internet has given me the answer. My point is that if The X-Files had failed, “Beyond the Sea” was episode thirteen and would have likely been the last episode of the series. What a tragedy that would have been – not because the episode is bad, but because it’s so fucking good.
If I were a lesser and more petty person, I would bitch that it took Chris Carter and company thirteen episodes to give a spotlight episode to their female lead, really delving into what makes Scully tick. Instead, I’m just going to praise the tour de force performance Gillian Anderson delivers in this episode. She devours this script like it’s a five course gourmet meal. The range she shows!! I love that we get stiff upper lip Scully (Our very first “I’m fine.” you guys!!!!!) and I love that we get vulnerable Scully (the scene with Boggs where she basically regresses to a little girl kills me) and I love that we get Bad Ass Bitch Scully. And through it all, Gillian’s performance is so grounded in truth that as the viewer, you go on that journey essentially through the five stages of grief with her. Above all, I think this is the episode that truly humanizes Scully and makes her a fully rounded character, so much more than their previous attempts to give her a life outside of work.
And it’s not just Gillian who is on fire in this episode. Brad Dourif is so good and so fucking memorable as Luther Lee Boggs that when he was cast in The Lord of the Rings my first response was “Oooh, yes, Boggs from The X-Files!” I love that the script leaves just enough ambiguity as to whether or not Boggs is the real thing or if he’s just a criminal mastermind fucking with Scully. I choose to believe he’s both and that’s the beauty of the episode.
Sage: Back when Kim and I were in the process of narrowing down our top 15 X-Files episodes (pre-revival), we started by making our own individual lists, without consulting. And of course, there was more overlap than not – from major mythology arcs to standalone comedic stories, there are a handful of episodes that are no-brainers. But I was very pleased and surprised that, amid those obvious heavy hitters, we had also both chosen “Ice,” an unassuming but vibrantly effective MOTW episode from Season One.
“Ice” is a tightly crafted one-act play of an X-File, with a concept that lends itself so brilliantly to the show continuing to find its audience in the early days. Morgan and Wong take a page from Agatha Christie, who knew that there was no more surefire way of amping up suspense and creating drama than to bring a bunch of strangers together, strand them somewhere, and start killing them off. And though it only slots into the mythology in terms of how swiftly the government incinerates the evidence of the creature living in those sub-zero depths, “Ice” is a watershed moment in Mulder and Scully’s relationship — the first time the still-tentative trust they’ve established is tested, with life-or-death stakes. It also doesn’t rely on complicated effects; a ripple of movement underneath the skin does the job.
“Ice” holds up brilliantly on the strength of the concept and the simplicity of its execution. The paranoia builds naturally, the tension is palpable, and it boasts a cracking supporting cast, a young Felicity Huffman included.
- Least Favorite Episode?
Sage: “Space” may have a cool idea behind it, but as Kim pointed out when we were rewatching it, The X-Files had no business trying to pull it off on a Season One budget. All the interesting stuff in the episode is happening in space, which we don’t get to see, and the climax is built around the rescue of a shuttle whose occupants we never meet. Even the character stuff is negligible — every kid Mulder’s age worshiped astronauts; he ain’t special.
I’ll put up with a lot of nonsense and failed experiments in standalones, because they’re usually at least a fun ride. “Space” commits the unforgivable sin of being boring, haunted moon or not.
Kim: There are definitely some clunkers in Season One (“Roland” and “Miracle Man” definitely come to mind) but the biggest crime that “Shapes” commits is being completely forgettable. It’s strangely plotted, dropping Mulder and Scully into the case without any sort of preamble or slideshow in Mulder’s office to fully set the scene. It’s slow, the characters are not memorable, and there is zero sense of urgency, which is odd for an episode about werewolves. We’re supposed to believe this was the very first X-File? What a letdown, honestly.
- Scariest Episode?
Kim: I fucking love a bottle episode where our heroes are tossed together with some strangers in a remote location that becomes perilous. “Ice” and “Darkness Falls” both execute the concept to perfection and are both standout episodes in the season. While “Ice” is one of the best and most thrilling episodes of the entire series (Back in 2013, we ranked it at #11 overall, and I stand by that), I am gonna swerve a bit and say that “Darkness Falls” is scarier.
For me, it’s the scene where they are in the cabin and after having done everything they can to make sure the bugs can’t get inside, Scully looks into a dark corner and sees the bugs swarming in a corner. Mulder and Moore come over to look and when one of them casts a shadow over Scully’s arm, she realizes she is covered in bugs as well. She has the reaction any SANE person would have when she realizes she’s covered in fucking microscopic BUGS and nearly breaks their sole light source flailing around. The worst part is when Mulder says that they are actually ALL covered in bugs, the light is the only thing keeping them from swarming. And then at the end of the episode, when they are racing the sunset and get a flat tire and the bugs fucking come through the air vent??? Please. My skin starts to crawl just thinking about it.
Sage: I have a mild fear of escalators and I’d like to keep my liver if possible, so it’s “Tooms” for me.
- Underrated Episode?
Sage: “Lazarus” isn’t the lowest-rated episode of the season on IMDB — that dubious honor goes to the aforementioned and dreadful “Space” — but it’s got too much going for it to deserve a mere 7.0. It’s Scully’s turn to have an old flame resurface (of course it was an older instructor, that immediately tracks), and things get weird when his body is reanimated by the soul of the ruthless criminal doctors were attempting to resuscitate next to him. It’s got a cool twist and capable guest performances, and it’s one of those cases that forces Scully to consider the scientifically impossible theory in a very real way. “Lazarus” also delivers a brief yet powerful instance of hurt/comfort, one of the pillars of the Mulder/Scully ship.
Kim: Season One goes a little hard on the whole spirits coming back for revenge trope between “Shadows,” “Lazarus,” “Born Again,” and “Roland.” “Lazarus” would probably be considered the best and most memorable of the bunch thanks to another knockout performance by Gillian Anderson, but allow me to make a case for “Born Again” as well. It’s an episode that’s pretty derided by the creative team (Howard Gordon especially) but I really think it’s actually a good episode that just suffers a bit from diminishing returns. The whole time we were watching, I kept turning to Sage and saying “You know, this episode isn’t half bad.” First of all, it features a pre-Janice Maggie Wheeler as a small town cop. (She was David’s girlfriend at the time. Oh. My. God.) Secondly, it’s a genuinely terrifying child performance by Andrea Libman as little Michelle Bishop. Lastly, it’s a good mystery about bad cops getting what’s coming to them that keeps you guessing up until the very end. It’s like the classically underrated Robert Downey Jr. movie Heart and Souls, except homicidal. Really, can you ask much more from a standard filler episode? I don’t think so.
- Best Mulder Moment?
Sage: As I see it, Mulder’s reaction to losing nine minutes of time in the pilot leaves Scully with two options: 1) commit this man immediately, or 2) follow him to the ends of the earth. I can see why she goes with the latter. Mulder’s capacity for wonder is one of his most attractive qualities, and within an hour of meeting him, we’re shown that accepting that the impossible is possible, for him, is this liberating, exhilarating thing. “You’re saying that, that time disappeared. Time can’t just disappear, it’s, it’s, it’s a universal invariant!” “Not in this ZIP code…” Chills! Immediate chills, every single time.
Kim: One of the best things about David Duchovny’s performance, especially in these early seasons, is the way he’s able to convey Fox Mulder’s sense of wonder whenever he gets his hands on actual concrete proof that extraterrestrial life exists. “The Erlenmeyer Flask” takes it a step further by confirming to Mulder that not only are aliens real, but there is a massive government conspiracy to hide the truth, setting the course for the rest of the series. The shot of Mulder discovering the tanks in which someone appears to be literally growing alien-human hybrids is one of the most iconic images of the entire series. Not a single word is said in the scene, and there doesn’t need to be any either. The look of awe on Mulder’s face is worth a thousand words.
- Best Scully Moment?
Kim: I think my favorite thing about Dana Katherine Scully is that those government stooges that sent her to spy on Fox Mulder vastly underestimated her integrity and the fundamental strength of her character. Yes, Scully constantly pushes back against Mulder’s theories and beliefs, but it’s not because she is out to debunk his work. It’s because when it comes to determining the truth, Scully believes in science, logic, and tangible facts above all else.
Scully’s entire belief system is challenged in the Pilot, and the amazing thing about her is that she doesn’t shy away from admitting in her field report that things happened in the woods that she can’t explain. But the true kicker is when Blevins declares that she has no physical evidence to back up any of her claims. Dana Katherine Scully simply smirks, pulling a vial out of her pocket that contains the implant she extracted out of the exhumed body and placing it on his desk. She knew it was important and she knew to keep it on her person. In that moment, she makes her allegiances known. She is no one’s patsy. Instead, she is their biggest nightmare. No choice but to stan.
Sage: This is probably the toughest question on our list, and it’ll get significantly more difficult to answer in later seasons. And while there are plenty of serious/badass Season One Scully moments I could choose from, I’m going to opt for the more rare playful/bitchy Scully moment. I will never not chuckle at the way Mulder’s soul abandons his body when she puts on her best British accent (which we all know now comes quite naturally to Gillian) to freak him out at the end of “Fire.” Scully has definitely earned the privilege of making fun of her partner’s side chicks by this point, and it’s always fun when she indulges her devilish side.
- Best Shipper Moment?
Sage: In “Deep Throat,” Mulder facetiously asks Scully to tell him he’s crazy, and my moment is specifically the way he grins back at her when she says it with her whole chest. He’s so delighted by her candor and her ability to call him on his bullshit (though, the future will show that he rarely takes her advice), and I don’t know if the actors were asked to play it this way, but the interaction is unquestionably charged. Mulder and Scully’s Whole Thing is still so new at this point, but it’s obvious that they’re intrigued by each other. Knowing everything that’s to come, these early little flickers always get me.
Kim: I’m just gonna let the dialogue do the talking…
MULDER: They’re out to put an end to the X-Files, Scully. I don’t know why, but any excuse will do. Now, I don’t really care about my record, but you’d be in trouble just for sitting in this car and I’d hate to see you carry an official reprimand in your file because of me.
(Mulder laughs. Scully looks at him.)
MULDER: I even made my parents call me Mulder. So…Mulder.
SCULLY: Mulder, I wouldn’t put myself on the line for anybody but you.
(They look at each other.)
MULDER: If there’s an iced tea in that bag, it could be love.
(She takes out the drink.)
SCULLY: Must be fate, Mulder. Root beer.
There’s a reason Sage and I chose this scene for our custom made t-shirts that we wore in our photo-op with David and Gillian at NYCC 2013. I feel like this scene encapsulates everything about Mulder and Scully’s relationship, especially in the early days. Scully makes a bold and genuine declaration of loyalty. Mulder brushes it off with a self-deprecating comment because deep down he doesn’t believe that he deserves her devotion. Then, he defaults to flirting with her but does so with a joke in order to conceal his real feelings. She jokes right back, letting him off the hook. Wash, rinse, and repeat for the next five seasons of suffering. Ships these days could NEVER.
- Thirstiest Moment?
Kim: All I really need to know about Unresolved Sexual Tension, I learned from The X-Files: The Kim Rogers Story.
Chapter One: The “Ice” examination scene.
Y’all, this scene is forever seared on my memory. The dynamic between Mulder and Scully is already overcharged since they drew their fucking weapons on each other a few scenes before, so like, every hair on my arms stands on end from the moment Scully enters that storage room. I am sitting straight up and leaning forward the moment Mulder desperately whispers that he wants to trust Scully. (Eat it, research team at Warner Brothers Discovery, women LOVE to lean forward.) I am about ready to claw my face off by the time Mulder turns his back on Scully and she pulls his henley down to reveal all that golden skin and perfectly toned back.
It’s just so intimate, is the thing, despite Scully’s obvious efforts to keep it quick and business-like. At this point in their relationship, this level of skin on skin contact is akin to the moment Matthew Macfadyen’s Darcy assists Elizabeth into the carriage without a glove. It’s overwhelming. But what really pushes this moment into a next level life changing thirst moment is when Scully turns her back on Mulder and he stops her by grabbing her shoulder. It’s the way Scully stills immediately, turning back to look at Mulder, but he gently presses her jaw to turn her face back around and convey his intent. It’s how he closes the distance between them. It’s the way he hooks his fingers into her collar and slowly pulls it down. It’s the way he carefully, almost tenderly brushes aside the tendrils of hair that have escaped from Scully’s little ponytail. And it’s the way his goddamn hand spans her whole goddamn neck, his touch lingering for just a second too long before he squeezes. Pass me a jug of water, I am THIRSTY.
Sage: The X-Files is horny from the moment Fox Mulder turns around in those round, wire-framed glasses and immediately starts flirting with Dana Scully, who sizes him up and flirts right back. But the moment from this season that still gives me the absolute vapors is a few episodes later, in “Squeeze,” after Scully is brought into a case by a colleague who has nothing but contempt for Mulder and his work. To dispel any notion that they’re talking about that work when Scully accuses Mulder of being “territorial” towards Colton, he hooks his finger into the necklace she’s wearing, grazes her crisp white blouse and says, “Of course I was.” And yes, narratively, he does this to call attention to that necklace, which Tooms will later take as a trophy. But please consider how Gillian Anderson plays Scully’s reaction, as she freezes for a beat, staring down at where Mulder still has her pendant in his hand. You can practically hear the shiver go up her spine.
- Funniest Moment?
Sage: “Mulder, did you see their eyes? If I were that stoned, I–” “Oooh, if you were that stoned, what?”
Kim: Mulder and Scully finding Tooms’ nest in “Squeeze” is up there with one of the grosser moments of the season, but the expression on Mulder’s face when Scully declares that goopy yellow substance is actually bile combined with the deadpan delivery of “Is there any way I can get it off my fingers quickly without betraying my cool exterior?” is peak comedy.
- Best Monster/Villain?
Sage: As a fan of creepy kids, clones, and character actress Harriet Hansom Harris, how could I not say the Eves? There’s something eternally sus about meddling with human genetics, and The X-Files manages to dream up a horrific outcome that also fits into a single, contained, MOTW episode. Also, we get the best of both worlds, with a couple of serene-looking children who try — and almost succeed — to murder Mulder and Scully via truck stop soda, plus the one and only Ms. Bebe Glazer being Too Much for even the prison for the criminally insane where she’s locked up.
Kim: It blows my mind that The X-Files drops one of their most memorable villains of the entire series in the third episode. Eugene Victor Tooms is the perfect X-Files villain because he completely blends the supernatural with just being a creepy motherfucker in general. Doug Hutchison is genuinely terrifying in the role (probably because he didn’t have to do too much acting) and Tooms is the only X-Files monster of the week to be brought back without any diminishing returns or weakening of his original appearance.
It was deeply confusing for me back in the day when I got into The X-Files via the VHS releases at Blockbuster – “Squeeze” and “Tooms” were released on the same tape and I didn’t realize how far apart in the season they were. It’s a genius move to have the two Tooms episodes bookend the season because while the villain may be the same, Mulder and Scully are not. Their partnership is stronger, to the point where Scully is willing to sacrifice her career to stand by Mulder. That’s some good storytelling, folks.
- Right in the Feels moment?
Sage: The first episode of The X-Files is a perfect pilot, soup to sunflower seeds. I can quote much of it from memory, but no level of familiarity can lessen the impact of Mulder and Scully’s first middle-of-the-night motel room heart-to-heart. It’s masterful the way the show solidifies their partnership and their friendship so quickly, leaving no doubt that Scully won’t be the spy the Syndicate intends her to be. She’s terrified – in the middle of nowhere, dealing with something completely beyond the realm of her experience, and with no one to go to but him. And then her faith in him is matched when Mulder takes Scully into his confidence about his sister’s abduction, trusting that, even though she doesn’t believe, she will hear him out, and she will, at the very least, understand why he’s thrown himself so completely into this unusual work. I joked on Twitter that it reminds me of the “backpacking through Europe” story that Joey tells women on Friends as a foolproof way of getting them into bed, but in all seriousness, isn’t this what the show is all about? Mulder has waited his entire lonely life for someone who will just listen, and here she finally is.
Kim: I don’t know why I didn’t see Deep Throat’s death coming when I first watched the series but I didn’t. It was a punch in the stomach then and it’s punch in the stomach twenty-eight years later. Mulder and Scully may not have always been able to trust Deep Throat and he definitely had his own agenda when it came to helping Mulder, but it still feels like our heroes are cast adrift in this moment, left completely on their own.
- Best “Mulder, you’re lucky you’re so cute” moment?
Kim: Mulder ditching Scully to go off on his own becomes a running theme in The X-Files but the way Mulder basically uses Scully as a glorified Uber driver in “Jersey Devil” is pretty egregious. He makes her drive the three and a half hours back to Washington D.C. by herself!! On a Friday night!! And THEN he has the nerve to call her to bail him out. He’s lucky he’s so cute!
Sage: While I will never let it be forgotten that Mulder makes fun of a kid in a coma in the pilot, that his partner doesn’t punch him in the face after he puts on that nasal voice to taunt her with, “‘The Last Detail’ starring Dana Scully” in “Fallen Angel,” is a true testament to her strength of character. And…other things.
- Best Guest Star?
Sage: Honorable mention to Mitch Pileggi, who is functionally a guest star in Season One, but “Beyond the Sea”’s Brad Dourif runs away with this one. The X-Files was a low-budget genre show on a fledgling network, but it’s still unfathomable to me that he didn’t even get nominated for the Emmy that year, when he really should have won. Luther Lee Boggs is a tour-de-force, and Brad raises everyone’s game just by being there. (Gillian’s scenes with him are especially electric, and she’s giving back everything he’s putting out in them.) He was a huge get for the show at the time, already a horror icon, and I love that he was cast as such a petty, weak, run-of-the-mill kind of monster. Manipulative and pathetic in equal measure, Boggs helps deliver the show’s first great dramatic episode, which proved that The X-Files was going to be as much about character as it was about UFOs and shadow governments.
Kim: With all respect to the erstwhile Man in Black Titus Welliver, who appears in “Darkness Falls” with a lush head of hair, how can I not shout out a pre-Buffy Seth Green being perfectly typecast as a stoner in “Deep Throat”?
- Favorite 90s Reference?
Kim: This isn’t necessarily a 90s reference, but I have to call out the following exchange in “E.B.E.”:
Scully: And you know, there’s a marsh over there. The lights the driver saw may have been swamp gas.
Mulder: Swamp gas?
Scully: It’s a natural phenomenon in which phospine and methane rising from decaying organic matter ignite, creating globes of blue flame.
Mulder: Happens to me when I eat Dodger Dogs.
All respect to Morgan and Wong, but Mulder is East Coast based and canonically a fan of New York teams, the Knicks, the Giants, and the Yankees specifically. So either Mulder is flying cross country on a regular basis to see the Dodgers play the METS (because interleague play wasn’t even a thing at the time aside from the All Star Game and the World Series) or Morgan and Wong are making a very specific LA joke about the quality of the food at Dodger Stadium because they are Los Angelenos themselves. Given that Chris Carter named Scully after legendary Dodgers announcer Vin Scully, I would lean towards the latter.
Sage: I love when Mulder jokes that Barney is the entity Byers describes as “the most heinous and evil force of the 20th century” in “E.B.E.,” not only because it’s a rare pop culture reference in a show that really doesn’t feature too many timely ones, but also because remember how much people hated that big, cuddly, purple dinosaur? I mean, they loathed that children’s entertainer with a passion usually reserved for pedophiles and Twitter’s main character of the day, just because he was…annoying, I think? Ah, simpler times.
- Favorite 90s Fashion?
Sage: Scully’s suitor in “Jersey Devil” is about three evolutionary points away cracking her over the head with his club and dragging her back to his cave to mother his child, so he doesn’t deserve it, but her white lacy date look is so elegant! She doesn’t wear a lot of white, so it stands out, and it’s of the period but with some elements that make it classic. The hair’s a little much on her, but it works if you think of the date as our girl trying a normal life on for size, and she’s over it before the episode is even finished. It’s simply not who she is anymore — if it ever even was — so don’t expect many super-femme, romantic pieces on her in the future.
Kim: Scully’s iconic jacket and hiking boots from “Darkness Falls” wins. Next!
- Sum up your feelings about the season.
Kim: When I think of Season One of The X-Files, I don’t know why I think of all the clunker episodes first. It’s true that this first season is wildly uneven, going from the highs of an episode like “Ice” to the lows of “Space” within a week or sandwiching the genius of “Beyond the Sea” between two middling episodes, but really, that’s to be expected for a show in its first season that’s still learning what works and what doesn’t. What’s amazing about Season One is the highs that it hits. When I went back and looked at our top 15 episodes posts that we wrote almost a decade ago, a whopping four slots went to Season One episodes – the Pilot, the combo of “Squeeze” and “Tooms,” “Ice,” and “Beyond the Sea.” One could easily make a case for “E.B.E.” and “The Erlenmeyer Flask” to be included in the upper echelon of the series as well. It’s astonishing, quite frankly, that they made so many classic episodes right out of the gate, even as they were still figuring themselves out and it’s a definite harbinger of the greatness still to come.
Sage: Certainly, The X-Files is a show that’s still finding its footing, even by the end of Season One. And, because it wasn’t quite fully formed yet, this season has a higher rate of clunkers than any other. But it still makes me long for the days of the 22-, 23-, 24-episode network season, when there was room to experiment and to bring in new voices to see how they fit. So much of this show’s legacy is built on so-called “filler” episodes, because an X-File can be quite literally about anything otherworldly or supernatural, and for every “Space,” there is a “Squeeze.” Besides, the show’s debut succeeds in the most important areas, namely with its leads. David and Gillian immediately click, and that, more than any single monster or government lie, is the reason to keep watching.
What are your favorite memories of Season One of The X-Files? Let us know in the comments. And join us on Friday, September 2nd where we pick up our season two watch with “Aubrey” (Season Two, Episode 12)!